Rosemary, known as Rosmarinus officinalis, was used by Ancient Greeks in various ceremonies and celebrations, in decorations of buildings and temples. Its origin is from the Mediterranean regions, but today it thrives in many regions of Europe and America. Furthermore, since it is attractive and drought-tolerant, rosemary is used as an ornamental plant in many gardens. It has purple or deep blue flowers which are preferred by bees and become a source for the production of honey. It contains tannin and essential oil which can be extracted from the flower stems.

Young rosemary sprouts and leaves are used in cooking. They give a distinctive taste to roast meat. In confectionery, rosemary is mainly used in conserves. A liquid is extracted from the leaves of rosemary, which is used for medicinal purposes. It can treat rheumatism, mouth ulcers and coughing. An essential oil is extracted from the sprouts, which is used in perfume making, soap making, as well as in the making of insecticides.